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The Last Supper
 
 
According to Christian belief, The Last Supper is the final meal that Jesus Christ shared with his Twelve Apostles in Jerusalem before his crucifixion. The Last Supper provides the scriptural basis for the ceremony known as "the Eucharist", "communion" or "the Lord's Supper."
 
Paul's First Epistle to the Corinthians is the earliest serving mention of the Last Supper. It is later described in more detail in the Synoptic Gospels, and in the Gospel of John (which, however, omits the institution of the Eucharistic use of the bread and wine).
 

Christ instituted the Holy Eucharist in this way: He took bread, blessed and broke it, and giving it to His apostles, said: "Take and eat; this is My body;" then He took a cup of wine, blessed it, and giving it to them, said: "All of you drink of this; for this is My blood of the new covenant which is being shed for many unto the forgiveness of sins;" finally, He gave His apostles the commission: "Do this in remembrance of Me."

The Gospel of John recounts, instead of the institution of this new covenant with wine and bread, Jesus' washing of the disciples' feet, and also depicts Jesus as speaking at length in his farewell discourse. In John, the Last Supper takes place on the night before Passover, when the sacrificial lambs were slaughtered.